Vietnamese fresh fruits – Places to visit and enjoy

Vietnamese fruits

Mother Nature gives to Vietnam an amazing weather - a typical tropical climate, where people can grow the most delicious fruits. Vietnamese fruits are one of the best Vietnamese foods you have to taste when you visit this country. From North to South of Vietnam, every region is blessed with one traditional and outstanding fruit. Today, we will talk about typical Vietnamese fresh fruits and places where you can visit and enjoy. For you information, a list of fruit gardens is waiting for you to explore.

1.      Durian

Durian, known as King of Fruits in South East Asia, is originated in the rain forests of peninsular Malaysia. In Vietnam, it is mainly cultivated in the South and West provinces namely Dong Nai, Tien Giang, Ben Tre, BariaVungtau, Lam Dong, Binh Duong, Vinh Long, and Can Tho.


Vietnamese fruits

Durian is famous for both its looks and aroma. The fruit may exceed 3kg in weight partially owning to its thick rind covered with coarse, hard, broadly pyramidal sharp spines. On ripening, the fruit has yellowish white, pale yellow or orange, buttery, melting, sweet and mild to strongly aromatic flesh, which is loved by the native people of Southeast Asia but often found quite repugnant by foreigners. But actually it is nutritious with rich contents of Vitamin B, C, E and iron, which also helps to reduce cholesterol for a healthy body.


Vietnamese fruits


2.      Persimmon

Persimmon is known as ‘oriental product of beauty’ as the fruit has a very good appearance, and in Vietnam it is often placed on the ancestral altar on anniversaries and lunar New Year festivals. Persimmon is mostly planted in Lang Son and Lam Dong provinces in cool regions of Vietnam.


Vietnamese fruits

Mature fruit is reddish, orange in color resembling a tomato, and variable in shape, color and size. Persimmon is famous for providing a lot of sugar and vitamin A. Persimmon fruits contain as much vitamin C as oranges and tangerines, and their pulp does not have a sour taste. Persimmon fruits are divided into two kinds: bitter and sweet. Bitter persimmon fruits are edible when they are green and hard, but is very sweet when the fruit is ripe. The fruit of sweet persimmon are always sweet, even when green and hard.


Vietnamese fruits

In Oriental medicine, persimmon is considered effective to reduce high blood pressure and relieve abdominal pain. Vietnamese people also enjoy salty/sugared dry apricot as snacks during Tet holiday or precious gifts to parents and relatives.

3.      Sapodilla

Sapodilla is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to southern Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. When unripe, the fruit has a firm outer skin and when picked, releases white chicle from its stem. But when fully ripened, its flesh ranges from a pale yellow to an earthy brown color with a grainy texture covered by a saggy skin. The fruit has an exceptionally sweet and malty flavor. With a rich contents of Vitamin B, calcium, phosphorus and other minerals, Sapodilla is said to do it good for pregnant women, children and especially good for stomach as it reduces diarrhea. This fruit is grown in Hanoi (Xuan Dinh sapodilla, Tu Liem district), and Hai Duong (Thanh Ha sapodilla, Thanh Ha district).


Vietnamese fruits

4.      Rambutan

In Vietnam, it is grown in the Mekong Delta where the climate is hot and humid. The chom chom fruit season lasts until the end of the rainy season (from May to October). The skin of this fruit is tough, thick and hairy. Its meat is transparent white and tender, and has a cool sweet taste in the mouth. The most reputed rambutan fruit nation-wide is grown in Binh Hoa Phuoc village in Long Ho district, Vinh Long province, 50km north of Ho Chi Minh City. During the rambutan season one can notice the typical bright red colour of rambutan fruit stands located in the markets, along road and at intersections throughout the southern provinces.

Vietnamese fruits

5.      Custard apple

In Vietnam, there are two kinds of custard apple: firm and soft. When a custard apple is ripe, it is easy to peel. The peel is thick, green, and covered with white or green pollen. The pulp is white or light yellow and contains many black seeds.

Vietnamese fruits

In the south, custard apples  ripen in July, but not all at the same time. Firm custard apples are densely grown in the south, mainly in Ninh Thuan and Vung Tau. Xiem custard apples are oval or heart shaped. Their peel is green with thorns, which turn black when the fruit is ripe. The fruits are generally big and can reach 1.5 kg. The pulp is white, hard, and a bit sour.

Vietnamese fruits


6.      Lychee

Lychee has been traditionally cultivated in Thanh Ha district of Hai Duong province. But now the most famous one belongs to Thieu (Luc Ngan) lychee of Bac Giang.


Vietnamese fruits

Lychee is a native plant of south China/northern Vietnam. The climate of northern Vietnam is quite suitable for the growing lychee trees. The lychee tree is round-topped and slow growing with smooth, gray, brittle trunk and limbs. Lychees are eye-catching in spring when huge sprays of flowers cover the tree and in summer with reddish-colored fruits. Its fruits are borne in loose clusters of 3 to 50 fruits, round to oval and 25 to 38 mm in diameter. The edible portion (aril) is white, translucent, firm and juicy, with excellent subacid flavor, which is sweet, fragrant and delicious while the skin is leathery, with small, short, conical or rounded protuberances. Fruit contains one shiny, dark brown seed, usually relatively large, but it may be small and shriveled (called chicken-tongue) in some cultivars. When I was a small child, lychee’s seed is used to play spinning tops by putting a stick through the seed and spin the stick.

7.      Pomelo

In Viet Nam, there are many tasty varieties of pomelo. Ordinarily, the pomelo is named for the locality where it is grown. For example, Doan Hung pomelo (Phu Tho Province) in the north, in Phuc Trach pomelo (Ha Tinh Province) in the central, Green skin pomelo (Ben Tre Province) and Nam Roi pomelo (Dong Thap Province). The largest citrus has very strong nutritional value, including their vitamins, minerals, and organic compounds like vitamin C, potassium, dietary fiber, vitamin B6, and magnesium. Its flavor not only makes you feel fresh, but also can help you lose weight.


Vietnamese fruits


8.      Star apple

No better word than marvelous can be used to praise the tropical fruit with the name Vu Sua (milk from the breast). Upon entering a star apple orchard, the most famous located in Can Tho Province in the Mekong River Delta, visitors can see for themselves the hundreds of star apples suspended from the branches. The round smooth fruit are all of equal size. The shape of the star apple matches the name attached to it, as does its juice which is fragrantly sweet and milky white like breast milk.


Vietnamese fruits


Knowing how to enjoy the fruit is an art. Before eating, you must squeeze the tough fruit until it becomes tender, then drill a small hole at the top of the fruit, and drink the flow of the fragrant juice as a baby sucks milk from its mother's breast. It is because the juice mixes with the meat of the fruit to become a sweet and fragrant muddy substance that looks like breast milk.

Famous star apple are from Tien Giang – a Mekong delta province under brand name of Vu sua Lo Ren. Harvesting time of star apple is from lunar October this year to April next year.

9.      Mangosteen

The name and the shape of this fruit do not look attractive to those who first see it. The fruit is a bit smaller than a tennis ball and has a dark violet rough skin. When you peel off the upper part of the fruit with a small sharp knife, you can see the transparent white pulp inside arranged in equal segments. While lifting each segment of the transparent white meat to your mouth you can imagine the light and pure refreshment that leaves a little sour taste lingering in your mouth. Mangosteen is a specialty of Binh Duong province with famous brand name of Lai Thieu mangosteen which is different from other names by it thinner skin and light sweet flavor.


Vietnamese fruits

10.  Jackfruits

Jackfruits contain a lot of sugar and calories. They grow on every part of the tree: the trunk, branches, and even on the roots. Jackfruit trees bear approximately 150 to 200 fruits per year. When the fruit are ripe, their pulp is yellow and sweet, containing a lot or little juice depending on the species. Jackfruits without seeds are planted densely in the Mekong Delta region.


Vietnamese fruits

There are several other species of jackfruits divided into two main groups: hard jackfruits with hard and crunchy flesh, and soft jackfruits with soft flesh and a lot of juice. Jackfruits are not only for dessert but also ingredients for jackfruit sticky rice with coconut milk sauce and jackfruit ice-cream.


Vietnamese fruits

11.  Dragon fruits

Green dragon is the name of a newly cultivated fruit. It is rather big, weighs from 200 to 500 grams, and has pink or dark-red color. When ripe, the fruit peels as easily as a banana. Its pulp is white and gelatinous. The pulp contains many seeds that cannot be extracted. The seeds taste like cactus, giving the fruit a sweet and sour taste.


Vietnamese fruits

Before 1945, green dragon fruits were not sold in southern markets. It is said that Americans brought green dragon fruits to the south. From Phan Thiet to Nha Trang or from Ninh Hoa to Buon Ma Thuot, bushes of green dragon fruits can be seen climbing to tree trunks in gardens and even on doors.


Vietnamese fruits

Different from any other southern fruit, its harvest season is particular; fruits become available in markets in October, November, April, and May. They are more expensive in October and April, since there are smaller quantities available. Dragon fruits are found popular in daily salads, smoothie, and fruits mixed with yoghurt.


Vietnamese fruits

12.  Mangoes

Mangoes or xoai in Vietnam are grown in most southern provinces. The most reputed mangoes come from Cao Lanh District in Dong Thap Province.

Vietnamese fruits

Mangoes are divided into several kinds, known locally as xoai cat, xoai tuong, xoai xiem and xoai ngua to cite just a few. The finest mangoes are xoai cat. This type of fruit has a bright yellow peel, a round shape, and weighs as much 0.5 kilograms. The meat is considered sweeter and more fragrant than that of other varieties. 


Vietnamese fruits

Mangoes in Vietnam are not only fresh and delicious when eating them alone, but they also go well with crepe owing to its genuinely sweet flavor. In Vietnam, mango crispy pickled is an indispensable accompaniment in winter snail dishes. 

All above are typical Vietnam fruits which you should not miss enjoying when visiting Vietnam. However, our northern neighbor also exports their fruit products into Vietnam however not fresh enough, full of preservative agent and difficult to differentiate from those of Vietnam. This is the reason why I note some original places where our typical fruits are planted and you can buy the most genuine ones, especially for the northern region. Below I will give you some information about famous fruit gardens throughout Vietnam where you can explore and give it a try with hundreds of kinds of fruits.


Fruit garden in Cai Be (Tien Giang)

Located about 70km from Sai Gon, Cai Be fruit garden is regarded as the biggest fruit granary in Mekong delta, attracting a large number of visitors from all over the world. This garden possesses numerous famous fruit cultivar including mango – xoai cat Hoa Loc, pomelo, longan, orange, etc. Landing in Cai Be fruit garden, visitors will have a chance to harmonize themselves with fresh green color of Mekong Delta garden while enjoying home-grown fruit specialties and meeting good-natured and hospitable local farmers. If possible, you should spend one night to visit Cai Be market and vicinity zones.


Vietnamese fruits


Vinh Kim fruit garden (Tien Giang)

Another fruit garden in Tien Giang - Vinh Kim is home to Lo Ren star apple, a specialty of western region which is not only popular in domestic market but also exported with GlobalGap certification. Besides Lo Ren star fruit brand name, visitors also have the opportunity to enjoy other delicious fruits such as durian, rambutan and pomelo, etc.

My Khanh fruit garden (Can Tho)

Vietnamese fruits

With an area of over 4ha, located between Cai Rang and Phong Dien float markets with more than 20 kinds of fruit and flower trees, My Khanh fruit garden is a famous one in South region, where visitors are able to enjoy fruits collected right from the tree and explore “traveling path of fruits from the garden to the market” using boats in a daily floating market. Fruits in My Khanh garden are sold with very popular price and genuinely fresh flavor and you surely can bring them home as present for relatives.

Vietnamese fruits


Cai Mon fruit garden (Ben Tre)

Ben Tre is well-known as host to fruit festivals attracting a large number of visitors from different regions in Vietnam. Cai Mon fruit garden, which is surrounded by Co Chien and Ham Luong flows is also famous for mild climate all over the year round and abundant fruit trees. Visiting here, you will not only be able to enjoy native durian, rambutan, mangoes, and plum, etc. Among them, Cai Mon durian, Hai Hoa green skin pomelo, and Chin Hoa milky golden durian are extremely well-known in this region.


Vinh Long fruit garden

Vinh Long province is not only the cradle of Don ca tai tu musical art of the south but also has so many attractive fruit gardens. Here, Nam roi pomelo in Binh Minh is the most popular, along with the best Chom Chom (rambutan) of the country and delicate sweet flavors of Ri 6, Chin Hoa durian, Tam Binh orange; Hoa Loc, Cat Chu mangoes, etc. Fruits in Vinh Long all meet VietGap and GlobalGap standards so you should always feel assured of quality and sweet-smelling flavor of fruits.

Vietnamese fruits

One thing you should bear in mind is that summer (from May to July) is the harvesting season with full of fresh fruits for your choice and sheer enjoyment. And  enjoying everything possible in floating market from fruits to traditional cuisine is one of the best intriguing experience ever.


Vietnamese fruits


You Might Also Like

1 nhận xét

  1. Wellcome to VietNam, My Home have Doan Hung Pomelo :)

    ReplyDelete